Catalunya (Catalunya, Catalunya, Catalonha) is an autonomous community (c. Comunitat Autònoma) of Spain, located in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between the Mediterranean coast and the Pyrenees. It is part of the historical and cultural area of the Principality of Catalonia (Cat., Principat de Catalunya). Official name - the Autonomous Community of Catalonia (Catalunya Autonomous Community of Catalunya, Spanish Comunidad Autónoma de Cataluña, Autonoma Autonoma de Catalonha Comunitat ...). The area is 32,114 km2. The capital of the Autonomous Community is the city of Barcelona. Official languages - Catalan, Spanish, Occitan (called Aran language). In Catalonia live 7 512 381 people.
Catalonia borders France to the north, Comunidad Valenciana (Valencia) to the south, and Aragon to the west. The east of Catalonia is washed by the Mediterranean Sea (the length of the coast is 580 km). Catalonia has 4 provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, Tarragona. The capital of Catalonia is Barcelona. The favorable geographical position promoted the development of Catalonia's active trade and cultural relations with other states of the Mediterranean and continental Europe. At present, more than 7.5 million people live in Catalonia. At the same time, 2/3 of the population is concentrated in the capital of autonomy and the nearest suburbs of Barcelona (area Metropolitana de Barcelona). This zone is characterized by a high degree of industrialization. The industrial revolution in Catalonia began in the mid-19th century. It is therefore not surprising that Catalonia now makes the largest contribution to Spain's GDP (18.8%). However, in terms of GDP per capita, Catalonia is only the fourth region in Spain. The first three places occupy the Basque Country, Madrid and Navarre. Catalonia gave the world the artist Salvador Dali; Architect Antonio Gaudi. In Barcelona, he lived a young Pablo Picasso. The Catalans were famous musicians and composers: Casals, Albeniz, Granados. One of the best football teams in the world is the capital club Barcelona.
Thanks to the amazing combination of climatic and natural factors, Catalonia is Spain's undisputed tourist guide. In summer, people rush to the sea and the sun, in winter they go to the mountains, where the ski centers run. If you add to this geography the famous Catalan Art Nouveau whose symbols are the architect Gaudi and his world famous Sagrada Familia in Barcelona; Monuments of ancient civilizations of Greece (Empuriès) and Rome (Tarragona); a national and 11 natural parks of regional importance; friendly atmosphere and delicious food; The largest in Spain and the second amusement park in Europe; Transport links and a well-developed road network, you will get a paradise for a tourist.
The length of the coastal zone along the straight line is 500 km, but due to the fact that it is intersected by a large number of capes and bays, it reaches a length of 754.8 km. The most complicated outlines of the coast are in Cap de Creus (Cape Crosses). In this place there is a "meeting" of the Pyrenees with the Mediterranean Sea.
The coast of Catalonia is divided into 3 parts, each of which has its own name. COSTA BRAVA or "Wild Coast" - the coast of the province of Girona. It extends from the border with France (Gulf of Roses) to Blanes. This part of the coast is known for many small bays and secluded coves. The main tourist centers are: Blanes, Lloret de Mar, Tossa de Mar, Platja d'Aro.
The new tourist brand "COSTA DE BARCELONA - MARESME", which means "The Beach of Barcelona", has united two parts of the coast of the Central Province of Catalonia. The first is north of Barcelona and was formerly known as "Costa del Maresme". It has good transport links and long sandy beaches. The most famous tourist centers are Maresme: Calella, Malgrat de Mar, Pineda del Mar, Santa Susanna. The southern part of today's "beach of Barcelona" was formerly known as "Costa del Garraf". It extends from the delta of the river Llobregat to the border with the province of Tarragona. Here flat, shallow beaches meet small coves at the foot of the Garraf massif. The main tourist center is Sitges.
The coast of the province Tarragona is called Costa Daurada App. / Dorada - Kat., Which means "Gold Coast" in the German translation. The title is easy to explain. Local beaches are characterized by the characteristic golden sand color. The most developed tourist centers: La Pineda-Salou, Cambrils, El-Vendrell (Comaruga and Sant Salvador districts). Between the cities of Vila Seca and Salou is the second in Europe (after the French Disneyland) amusement park "Port Aventura Costa Caribe».
There are two major commercial ports on the Catalan coast. The port of Barcelona is 9 km long. Tarragona is the second largest port in Catalonia. Its quays extend 5 km long - to the Cape Salou.
Sand on the beaches of Catalonia is usually small and golden, but in the north you can often find sand and pebble beaches. It should also be kept in mind that the beaches in Barcelona are loose.