Torrevieja (Torrevieja, Torrevella, Torrevieja) is a town and a municipality in Spain, part of the province of Alicante as part of the Valencian Community (Autonomous Community). The municipality is located in the district of Vega-Baja del Segura. The city occupies an area of 71.44 km2. The population of the city in 2008, 100,000 people - 46.4% Spaniards, 53.6% foreigners, most of them British, Germans and Scandinavians. Of the population - the third city in the province (after Alicante and Elche).
The resort of Torrevieja is located in the south of Alicante - the capital of the province of Alicante. All the towns on the Costa Blanca have a splendid view of the sea, but Torrevieja has a special, classic look. There is a breathtaking promenade, the sun shines 320 days a year and the length of the beaches is 14 km. The popularity of this place among tourists shows that 54% of the population are foreigners - English, German and Scandinavians. These are the tourists who came here to relax and stay forever.
In the 18th century, the coast where the city is located was completely deserted. Fishermen and sailors used this place to protect themselves from the storm. Some of them stayed there. It is not known how the future fate of this city would have developed if it had not been the Lagoons, where everything started with salt production - then a strategic substance that allowed food to be stored for a long time. The salt mining developed so intensively that in 1803 the administration of the Royal Salt Extraction Companies was relocated here. Salt is already being mined - this is proven by the dry cargo vessels in the harbor, which contain "white gold" in their hold.
Very soon, a settlement was formed around the lagoons, which was called Torrevieja - named after the old watchtower, in Eras de la Sal, a former salt bridge. Salt was sold all over the world, including the Caribbean countries. It was exchanged for sugarcane and mahogany. From these edges came Habanera - rhythmic melodies that produced the famous festivals that take place annually in August. The Habanera Museum "Ricardo Lafuente" is also dedicated to Caribbean music, but the city's main museum is the Museum of Sea and Salt.
The first thing you can do in this city is a walk along the new promenade Paseo-Dike-de-Levante, built on a breakwater. A promenade with a parapet stretches for 1.5 kilometers along the sea. Then walks or morning jogging not only take a break, but also city people. On the pier there are covered arbors where you can relax and admire the passing yachts. The monument to the wife of a fisherman accompanying her husband to the sea is beautiful. A woman looks into the horizon and waves her handkerchief. The sculpture is particularly impressive when ships pass by.
The second point of acquaintance with the city is a boat trip on a small boat. The ship makes a ring along the bay, protected by a breakwater, and at that time you can visit local sights. The first thing you notice is the submarine S61 class "Dolphin"! Is the resort connected to a naval base? No, the boat is a museum exhibition. In 1971 she entered the military service and in 2004 became the first ship of the Spanish Navy, which was converted into a floating museum. Visitors can go in, inspect the compartments, familiarize themselves with the life circumstances of the crew. The second floating museum is the patrol boat "Albatross III", which until 2006 was in the service of customs supervision.